The technique of creating pictorial compositions by gluing paper, fabric and other materials flat in two dimensions or in low 3d relief. There is a subtle distinction in that you would term it an assemblage if it worked out more in three dimensions. Sometimes collages are incorporated in paintings, watercolours or mixed media compositions.
The Dadaists Kurt Schwitters, Max Ernst and Hans Arp all explored the artistic possibilities of collage making. With the advent of the computer, it has digital collages have become excellent contributions to art. Many artists now work mixing traditional and digital collaging techniques.
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