Futurism (Futurismo) was an art movement from Milan, Italy that dates back to the beginning of the 20th century. Its proponents were passionate about the future and admirred it for its promise of speed, technology, motorisation and industrialisation. As an art movement it embraced modernity wholeheartedly. The hope was to drag particularly Northern Italy into a more prosperous and industrious society, and that even if it required violence and fascism.
Futurism influenced all the arts for a period, and was spear-headed intellectually by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Gino Severini; and Luigi Russolo.
In parallel with the Italian futurism, there were also futurist artists in Russia, Portugal and the UK.
Futurism influenced art movements such as Art Deco, Constructivism, Surrealism, Dada, and was central to the movements Precisionism, Rayonism, and Vorticism.