The name of an artist colony associated with a Transylvanian mining town of the same name. The art of the Nagybánya school influenced 20th century Hungarian art in a peculiar way. It was the brain child of Simon Hollósy who, with some friends, wanted to make art in the country more up to date. Together, they developed a fondness for plein air painting and modernism between 1896-1906.

Later the school and colony split up into various different directions in art. Nowadays Transylvania is not associated with Hungary or hungarian art, because it is a Romanian region. After WW1 the Austrian Hungarian empire collapsed and the majority of the population who were Romanians voted Transylvania into the Romanian Nation.