The name chosen by and for the Russian Organisation for Proletarian Culture as founded in 1906. Although it existed for a while it really not got active (and properly funded) until after the Russian revolution of 1917.

Self governed and ‘independent’ from the party, its sole aim was to create and promote the unison of proletarian art and industry. The constructivists and suprematists were the first to benefit from the the help of the organisation. However some of the artists defected to the west and after the 1932 The communist party took over and supervised the arts in what we now know as ‘socialist realism.’