Salon de Refusés A famous art exhibition held first in 1863. Today it is considered a landmark in the history of modern painting. Instigated by various artists, Napoleon the third set up the exhibit to display works of art which was refused at the annual Salon of the Academy, Académie des Beaux-Arts. Some of the exhibitors were Monet, Pissaro and Whistler. One painting on this exhibit in particular made a great stir in the public conscience at the time. It was Manet’s ‘Déjeuner sur l’herbe’ because it illustrated clothed and nude figures together in a park.