Being a British spin-off from Braque-Picasso cubism, Vorticism was a pretty short-lived art movment of the early 20th century. It manifested itself in 1914 in the very first issue of the periodical Blast, in which the founding members rejected figurative landscapes and nudes in favour of geometric and abstract experimentation. Wyndham Lewis and Roger Fry and the Bloomsbury Group were the proponents.
The name Vorticism was invented by Ezra Pound in 1913. While the art movement grew out of Cubism, some people argue that it is more related to futurism for its embrace of all thiongs dynmic modern and machine-like. See also related entry on cubo-futurism.